Make Room for the Gringos

After buying up Louisiana, development was considerable but it was concentrated along the waterways. The first locomotive was built in America in 1830, but transportation remained limited to steam boats and to short rail systems east of the Mississippi. There was some migration westward along the Great Lakes and people did make it to Californiaf during the gold rush in 1849, but nothing would really happen until a transcontinental railway was built.

The first telegraph message was sent across America in 1861, and the Homestead Act was passed in 1862. That’s when the Great Plains started being settled and all hell broke loose. The Act provided 160 acres of free land to anyone who worked it for at least 5 years. When the Pacific Railways Act was passed in 1862 authorizing Union Pacific and Central Pacific to build a railroad right across America, the West was definitely on its way to being won, and when the transcontinental railway was finished in 1869, the Indians had definitely lost out.

As for the Spanish problem to the South, it was dealt with during the Mexican-American War in 1846. The bankers had decided to finance an expedition of  US troops and had devised a simple plan. The US troops would occupy Mexico City and the Spanish interests would have no choice but to cry uncle and abandon all claims toTexas, New Mexico and California. And that’s exactly what happened; the Compromise of 1850 was signed, the Mexicans stayed south of the Rio Grande and the US troops went home.

The border keeping the French Catholics and the Loyalist elements north of the 49th parallel was determined by the Oregon Treaty of 1846. After drawing a straight line right across the South and another along the 49th parallel to the North, there was nothing to stop America from becoming a mainly English and Protestant united coast-to-coast country. As for the Indians, they would be pushed back and relocated as required.


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